There is basically constant confusion online as to the difference between extending your E3 status in the United States, and actually renewing your E3 visa at a US Embassy or Consulate abroad. So what’s the major difference between the two and which one should you do? Do they impact each other and can they help each other?

I spend a lot of time on Facebook groups and in chats with people asking each other how to make sure they can stay working in the United States on an E3 visa. Ultimately this comes down to two choices: renewing your E3 visa at a US Embassy or Consulate, or, extending your E3 status in the United States through USCIS (via an I-129).

The two of these are significantly different, and it’s important you understand the differences between the two before deciding on a path.

What’s the difference between “status” and a visa?

This is at the core of the question and it’s good that you’re asking, here’s immigration lawyer, Doug Lightman from Lightman Immigration talking with me about it.

Here’s the breakdown: “A visa allows you to request entry into the United States.” When you enter, you are now in an E3 visa “status”. The visa allows you to enter into a status in the United States.

Now, let’s explain the process for each:

How to renew your E3 visa at a US Embassy or Consulate

In this scenario you are ultimately going to end up with a new visa sticker (they call it a stamp, but it’s a sticker) in your passport. This will have a date that is up to 2 years in the future and the visa is the pass that allows you to enter the United States from overseas.

A renewal of an E3 visa is virtually identical to getting the inital E3 visa that you already have:

  1. You get a new certified LCA for the dates of your employment;
  2. You fill in a DS-160;
  3. You make an appointment at an embassy or consulate*
  4. You attend an appointment with all of this in your hand;
  5. You get approved and they take your passport;
  6. You collect (or are sent) your passport with a new visa stamp in it.

You’ll find the step-by-step process to getting an E3 visa here and there are guides for how to do all of these steps on there.

This is the ideal scenario, but you’ll notice I put a little * next to #3, because right now, due to COVID, this step is nearly impossible to achieve without an approved emergency appointment or some extreme luck. More on that below.

How to extend your E3 status while staying in the United States (via USCIS)

This is a slightly more difficult process because USCIS scrutinizes applications a bit more closely than the embassies and consulates do. The concept is the same, but the practice is different.

If you are in legal status in the United States, you can file to extend that using a new LCA and an I-129 (but not in all cases). It’s a bunch of paperwork sent off to USCIS and while that’s processing you generally have to stay in the country.

When you file internally to extend your status, you also immediately get 240 more days status (your status is defined by your I-94) without even getting the approval back. This is a great stop-gap while we wait for consulates and embassies to re-open!

This paperwork gets returned with an approval or an “RFE” (Request for Evidence) which requires you to send more information about yourself, the job, and the employer (all or some of this).

Once you are approved, you can stay in the country for as long as your status has been extended (generally in-line with your LCA).

Please note: If you have dependents, or if your visa isn’t an E3, or a multitude of other conditions, this might not be right for you. Be sure to consult with an immigration attorney before you do this, because I’m not a lawyer and this is not legal advice.

Update February 24, 2021: USCIS has recently announced premium processing for E-3 visas meaning that internally changing status has come down from months to weeks!

So what’s the difference between the two?

The fundamental difference between the two is that the visa allows you to remain in the country AND then re-enter if you leave (on holiday, or for any other reason), whereas the status allows you to remain in the United States only.

If you extend your status in the United States, you can keep working and remain legally in the country, but once you leave, you’re out, you have to go through the whole application at the embassy or consulate from above if you want to re-enter.

Why would I want to extend my status and not get a new visa (especially during COVID)?

So the question I get asked a lot is why would you need to use this path?

The answer is that throughout COVID we’ve seen that many places where you would normally get a new visa or renew an old visa are no longer open to applications and you therefore can’t actually use their services!

For this reason, the extension of status is a great solution so you can remain working with your current employer and remain legally in the country for longer! Once embassies and consulates open again, you would then go there, get a new visa, re-enter and we’re back to square one!

When you file internally to extend your status, you also immediately get 240 more days status (your status is defined by your I-94) without even getting the approval back. This is a great stop-gap while we wait for consulates and embassies to re-open!

Can you change employer with a change of status and remain in the United States?

Yes, but it’s tough because right now it’s taking around 6-9 months to get the confirmation back and you can’t work with the new employer during that wait time. You also can’t leave the country and return (if your visa has expired already).

A new visa would allow you to get a new employer and re-enter right away.

Does an extension in the US affect my E3 visa renewal when I do leave the United States and file for a renewal?

When you receive an approval in the US and are holding an I-797A there may come a time where you want to leave the US and get an actual visa.

This USCIS internal extension doesn’t really do anything when it comes to filing for a new visa at a US Embassy or Consulate (unfortunately). You should definitely bring it along and have it on-hand as it would be supportive of your application, but in and of itself it doesn’t really change anything.

The process is the same: You need to do everything like you would if you had not gotten the internal extension.

Can I re-use an LCA for an E3 visa renewal if I used the same LCA fora USCIS extension?

Yes, but you likely don’t want to.

LCAs don’t get “used up”, they are simply a document from the Department of Labor that says your employer has the legal right to offer employment to you. You then take that support with you when you get an extension or renewal, but it’s not attached to that particular extension/renewal in any way.

So yes, you can file again with the same LCA, but you likely don’t want to do that because it will mean that you are missing out on good visa time available to you.

Why do I say this? Well let’s say you filed internally, and got a 2 year extension, then stay in the US for 1 year. Half way through your extension. If you leave the US and go to a Consulate or Embassy for a renewal, and use the same LCA, the LCA will show that you are only able to be employed for one more year (in line with your extension) so your visa will reflect that too.

If you instead filed for a new LCA, then you would be able to keep working for up to two years on that approved visa. A much better solution, especially when getting a visa appointment is such a painful process.

How do I do all this extending and renewing?

Speak to an immigration attorney, here are some I trust!

This stuff isn’t all that straight forward and you don’t want to run afoul of immigration, especially if your plan is to live and work in the US for a while longer.

Don’t mess around.