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E3 Visa – Australian Working Visa in the US in 2023

If you're an Australian Citizen and you want to move to the United States, then it's likely that your best pathway is to get an E-3 visa. The E3 is a specialty visa for Australians that allows you to work and live in America for a limited amount of time in a specialty occupation.

There are specific steps and conditions that you need to meet in order to qualify for one, so here's everything you need to know.

An E3 visa is a special multiple entry visa only for Australian citizens who have a Bachelor's Degree (or the equivalent work experience). You must be offered a job that requires that Bachelor's degree and the job must pay at or above the “prevailing wage” for that particular task with your experience. It can be issued for up to two years (depending on your work contract) and renewed indefinitely (but you need to go through the process each time).

So in summary, E-3 visa applicants must be:

  1. Australian citizens
  2. Holders of at least a Bachelor's degree OR have the equivalent experience/training (approx. 12 years)
  3. Going to the United States solely to work in a “specialty occupation” (a job that requires the Bachelor's degree you have) which pays greater than the “prevailing wage”

What is a specialty occupation?

As “specialty occupation” is one that requires:

  • A theoretical and practical application of a body of specialized knowledge; and
  • The attainment of a bachelor’s or higher degree in the specific specialty (or its equivalent) as a minimum for entry into the occupation in the United States.

While there is no definitive list of occupations eligible for the E3 visa, a useful way to work out whether the job you're applying for is using the O*NET Online website. This website allows you to search for jobs and see what percentage of people have higher degrees. You want jobs that require mostly Bachelor or higher.

How to get an E3 Visa

The process can be broken down into stages but overall takes approximately six weeks from initial filings to visa in your hand after you have received a job offer.

The average timeline for getting an E-3 visa:

  • Finding a job – 3+ months
  • Interviewing for a job – 2-4 weeks
  • Offer negotiation – 1-2 weeks
  • LCA writing & approval – 2 weeks
  • Interview wait time & document compiling – 2-10 weeks (dependent on location)
  • Visa interview – 10 minutes
  • Passport return with approved E3 visa – 1-2 weeks

1. Find a job for an E3 Visa

You're going to find mixed opinions on whether you can find a job from Australia or whether you need to visit the US to look for work, and in my opinion, it's heavily dependent on your work history, your experience, the level of employment you're going for, and what your industry.

I contributed to a great article about the top tips for finding a job in NYC that will help you (all across the US), which focuses on things like optimizing your resumé (it's no longer a “CV”), networking, tailoring your pitch, and more.

Ultimately though, I think the key is networking. You are much less likely to find work if you're applying cold through online portals than you are if you have a connection (even if it's distant and small). Any introduction will open doors faster than a tweaked cover letter (but both are very important).

Once you’ve landed a job offer, that’s a big deal. Yes, the visa process can seem daunting – but from here, there’s no use worrying about what your new employer is going to think. Play it cool, stay organized, and hopefully, your new employer will follow your lead.

2. Writing the E3 visa offer letter

This is the first thing you need before moving forward. It must outline that your new job is both: 1. A full-time specialty service occupation requiring your degree; and 2. Include the salary being offered for your professional services.

Ideally, it will also include:

  1. A brief overview of the company and where your position fits in;
  2. A rundown of responsibilities and duties associated with your position;
  3. Any special tools/ tech that will be used; and
  4. An explanation of why you are qualified for the position (referencing your degree and any relevant experience).

Yes – this is going to be longer and more detailed than a normal job offer letter. That’s why I suggest drafting a copy for your employer to sign off on, based on the formal offer letter they give you and including the supplementary information above.

You'll then have two documents: A short (and more normal) letter of offer, and a longer and more detailed letter that will more directly check off the requirements for an E3 visa.

3. How to file the LCA for an E3 visa

The next step requires your employer to file an LCA (Labor Condition Application, Form ETA 9035) with USCIS (U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services). This is the piece of paperwork where I found having a lawyer to be most helpful, as it’s very specific and not necessarily common sense.

I've written a full guide to the LCA here (it's a whole article in and of itself). You can also find general instructions from the Department of Labor here as well which will answer some more technical questions.

Most employers should do this for you (the actual submission must be the employer); however, it is important to understand what it contains. Once the LCA is “Certified”, have your employer print the document, sign it, and send the signed and certified document back to you.

4. The DS-160 and Booking Your Appointment to get an E3 visa

Next, you must fill out the DS-160 form and book your consulate appointment. The DS-160 form is very comprehensive and will take you some time to get through. Have your passport and any previous US visas on hand, as well as dates for previous travel to the US. Here’s a detailed guide. Do this very carefully.

I've written a full guide to the DS-160 here. It's a lot of steps and you'll get bored multiple times but make sure you do it carefully. This guide also includes location advice for getting your appointment.

When you find an appointment and select it you will be given strict instructions on how to go forward. Read these very carefully.

5. Attending your E3 Visa interview (the E3 Checklist)

You’ll receive specific instructions upon booking your appointment, which will detail what you can and can’t take into the consulate, what time to arrive, and other information that you should read very carefully. Regardless of where you go, you want to be over-prepared in terms of documentation.

I've written a full guide to the E3 Visa interview here (including why you shouldn't be worried about it and information about exactly which documents you should take in with you – even if you didn't think of it). Once you're done and approved, go have a drink and relax for a few days. After your appointment, you can keep track of the status of your application here. I waited until mine was “ready for pick up” before booking my return flight for that same day.

Timeline – I had my last day of work with my previous employer on Day 23, flew to Canada on Day 24, and attended my appointment first thing in the morning on Day 26.

6. Getting your E3 visa, and checking the details!

Once you receive your passport back, open it up and you'll find the visa stamp in there. It's a big full-page sticker that has your photo and all the details.


Are the dates right? Is the employer name spelled correctly? Is your name spelled correctly? Is every single other detail on it spotless and perfect? Yes? Ok great! If not, you need to alert the consulate/embassy you visited right away. DO NOT RETURN TO THE US IF IT'S WRONG. This is near impossible to change anywhere else so it's best to do it there and then.

If everything is ok, then you're good to go. Here's a guide on what you should bring with when you enter the US.

Key things to remember when getting an E-3 visa

Research and communication are the most important elements, take care of yourself, and hire a professional. These are the three most important things I can recommend to make sure you give yourself the best chances of getting an E3 visa.

I recommend thoroughly researching appointment wait times and processing times and communicating frequently and clearly with your new employer to make sure paperwork gets filed ASAP.

Take care of yourself – This process can feel really overwhelming, so be sure to reach out to your friends and fellow Aussies for support and look after yourself throughout the process. Drink water! Exercise! Pet a dog! Once you get through this, you’re starting a brand new job which is all sorts of stressful in its own way, so you don’t want to be totally worn out.

For professional assistance, I recommend Doug Lightman from Lightman Immigration or Tara Gray from Tara Gray Law or Zjantelle Cammisa Markel from Cammisa Markel

Keep reading the latest news and information about this visa

E3 Visa Infographic

The E3 Visa: What is the E-3 Visa and how can you get one?

34 thoughts on “E3 Visa – Australian Working Visa in the US in 2023”

  1. Thanks a lot Josh yes it is the DS-160 form. I thought that was correct I thought I seen that it expires after 30 days so obviously that is correct. Hopefully at some stage in the future I will have another job opportunity.

    Thanks for the information great website and great information.

  2. Hi Josh,

    I have a quick question, I have completed my application for an E3 visa but I have not submitted it or made an appointment for the interview. Due to unseen circumstances the job is no longer available in the USA.. How does one go about canceling the online application? or do I just let it expire?

  3. Hi Josh,
    Thank you for so much information.
    My change of employer was denied. I cannot find any information that tells me how long until I have to leave the USA

  4. Hi Josh, thanks so much for putting all this information together, it really is a fantastic resource!

    I have a question: I had my E-3 status extended in April of this year without leaving the US, as I had intended on travel later in the year and flights back to Australia were expensive (and still are!). I want to visit home soon and I know I will need to obtain a new entry visa. My passport is also expiring next year and I was taking advantage of the trip home (and expedited processing) to renew my passport while I’m there. Do you know if the LCA used for my recent extension can still be used to renew the visa stamp? Does it matter that the LCA is associated with my old passport number?

    Any advice would be really appreciated!

  5. Hi Josh,
    Does one need to be a homeowner (amongst other conditions) in Australia in order to qulify / be eligible to apply for E3 including the other criterion- Aussie National, degree, Job offer?

  6. Hi Josh,

    Thanks for putting together this amazing resource which has been very helpful.

    I believe I meet all eligibility requirements, however I am worried my Bachelor of Commerce degree at the University of Melbourne will not satisfy the bachelors degree requirement as this degree takes three years to complete. I am reading from other sources that the bachelors degree must be four years. Do you think my degree will be sufficient? Thanks.

    1. So there’s a few trains of thought on this one: Some say that it’s not, and others say it really doesn’t matter. To be extra safe, the best thing you can do is get an equivalency done with an org like SilverGate Evaluations who will say “Yep your degree + experience = 4 years”.

  7. Hi Josh,

    I am a fully registered psychologist in Australia. I am trying to find work here in California Mt Shasta specifically. People are interested in giving me an interview for behavioural health, mental health counsellor and psychologist position but are unsure how to proceed as potential employers are unclear what psychological registration I would hold in California from my Australian qualifications. Could you give me any feedback regarding equivalent registration to practice in California. Potentially what positions could I search for with the following qualifications;
    I hold a bachelor in behavioural science, psychology major. A postgraduate in applied psychology and completed in 1996 my 2 years supervision hours to allow me to fully registered as a general psychologist with APHRA, ( Australia board of Psychology). I have 20 years experience.
    Thank you for your feedback and any suggestions regarding Californian equivalence registration to provide professional counselling here in the USA. Regards Rita

  8. Hi Josh,
    I’m a PT based in Adelaide. I plan to move and work in NY. Do you know anyone who has gone same process in moving to NY using E3 visa that can help me? I just want to ask whether a Healthcare Worker Certificate is still needed to practice as a PT in NY. Thanks heaps. Cheers.

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